What is PrEP in gay community?
PrEP stands for pre-exposure prophylaxis. The word prophylaxis means to prevent or control the spread of an infection or disease. The goal of PrEP is to prevent HIV infection from taking hold if you are exposed to the virus.
What does PrEP mean sexually?
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a course of HIV drugs taken by HIV-negative people to prevent infection. Taking PrEP correctly will virtually eliminate your risk of getting HIV. PrEP won’t protect you against other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as hepatitis C.
Can I infect someone while on PrEP?
It is possible to contract HIV while on PrEP, especially if you frequently forget to take the pill. During your follow-up visits with your healthcare provider while on PrEP, your doctor will test you for HIV to determine your current HIV status.
Should I take PrEP if my partner is undetectable?
PrEP and/ or condoms are not necessary to prevent HIV when the sexual partner has an undetectable viral load. Having an undetectable viral load, using PrEP and using condoms are all HIV prevention strategies that people can choose to use alone or in combination.3 мая 2019 г.
How quickly does PrEP work?
When taken every day, PrEP is safe and highly effective in preventing HIV. PrEP reaches maximum protection from HIV for receptive anal sex at about 7 days of daily use.
What are the side effects of PrEP?
The most common side effects seen in the studies of Truvada as PrEP include headache, nausea, vomiting, rash and loss of appetite. In some people, tenofovir can increase creatinine and transaminases.
How long should I take PrEP after exposure?
Generally speaking, cis-gender men taking on-demand PrEP should continue taking the PrEP medication for at least 2 days after any possible exposure. Anyone taking daily PrEP should continue taking the medication for 28 days after the last possible exposure.
Can I take PrEP after exposure?
Ideally PEP should begin within an hour of possible infection and no longer than 72 hours after exposure, whereas PrEP should be taken during (before and after) the time high-risk exposure may take place. 7.
Is PrEP effective after 3 days?
Scientists do not yet have an answer on how long it takes PrEP to become fully effective after you start taking it. Some studies suggest that if you take PrEP every day, it reaches its maximum protection in blood at 20 days, in rectal tissue at about 7 days, and in vaginal tissues at about 20 days.
Does PrEP work after 72 hours?
Within 24 hours is best but it can be given up to 72 hours (3 days) after possible exposure. The longer the wait, the more chance PEP doesn’t work. After 72 hours PEP is unlikely to work at all so it’s not usually offered. Someone might get it if it’s a few hours after this deadline but not if it’s longer.
How long can you stay undetectable?
The viral load should remain undetectable for at least six months before depending on this approach as an effective HIV prevention strategy. A person must continue to have high adherence to treatment to maintain an undetectable viral load over time.
Does PrEP make you gain weight?
Truvada (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine) as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is associated with a slightly lowered cholesterol level and suppression of body fat gain, shifts that are possibly transient, aidsmap reports.
Can I infect my partner with an undetectable viral load?
Having an undetectable viral load does mean that there is not enough HIV in your body fluids to pass HIV on during sex. In other words, you are not infectious. For as long as your viral load stays undetectable, your chance of passing on HIV to a sexual partner is zero.