How much testosterone does a transgender take?
Hormone levelsHormoneCis female rangeOptimal trans male rangeEstrogen (total)40–450 pg/mL< 400 pg/mL (pre-oophorectomy) < 40 pg/mL (post-oophorectomy)Testosterone (total)25–95 ng/dL225–900 ng/dL (pre-oophorectomy) 225–900 ng/dL (post-oophorectomy)
What does hormone therapy do for transgender?
Transgender hormone therapy, also sometimes called cross-sex hormone therapy, is a form of hormone therapy in which sex hormones and other hormonal medications are administered to transgender or gender nonconforming individuals for the purpose of more closely aligning their secondary sexual characteristics with their …
Can hormone blockers be reversed?
Puberty blockers allow patients more time to solidify their gender identity, without developing secondary sex characteristics. If a child later decides not to transition to another gender, the effects of puberty blockers can be reversed by stopping the medication.
What is masculinizing effect?
Virilization or masculinization is the biological development of sex differences, changes that make a male body different from a female body. Most of the changes of virilization are produced by androgens.
How does spironolactone work testosterone?
Spironolactone is a moderate antiandrogen. That is, it is an antagonist of the androgen receptor (AR), the biological target of androgens like testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT). By blocking the AR, spironolactone inhibits the effects of androgens in the body.
What do testosterone blockers do?
Antiandrogens, also known as androgen antagonists or testosterone blockers, are a class of drugs that prevent androgens like testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) from mediating their biological effects in the body.
What causes transgender disorder?
This could be caused by additional hormones in the mother’s system or by the foetus’s insensitivity to the hormones, known as androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS). In this way, gender dysphoria may be caused by hormones not working properly within the womb.
What does fully transitioned transgender mean?
Gender transitioning is the process of changing one’s gender presentation and/or sex characteristics to accord with one’s internal sense of gender identity – the idea of what it means to be a man or a woman, or to be non-binary or genderqueer.